18 Coronavirus Autopsies (This is what they found in the Brain) | COVID-19

If you’ve seen my previous videos on autopsies that were done on COVID-19 patients, it’s pretty clear by now that when patients do die of this coronavirus, it’s because of the lungs. Either because of all the inflammation in the lungs, with pneumonia and cytokine storm and ARDS, sometimes with multiorgan failure….or because of the major blood clot that develops in the lungs. Sometimes though, blood clots show up in other parts of the body as well. For example, in some cases, clots can travel to the brain, and lodge in the blood vessels there, causing decreased blood flow to certain regions of the brain, and this is known as a stroke. But this virus, in a different manner, can cause neurologic symptoms in some people, such as headache, confusion, and anosmia, meaning loss of taste and smell. But we don’t really know why this coronavirus sometimes causes these symptoms. Is it because the coronavirus travels in the bloodstream to the brain? Maybe. After all, there are ACE2 receptors that are located in the brain. Is it because the virus gets in our nose, and used the olfactory nerves that are there to gain entry into our brain? Or are these symptoms more related to the effects of the cytokine storm, which is actually pretty common with infections in general, whether that be from pneumonia or something else? In a recent study in NEJM, they looked at brain findings from autopsies done on 18 patients who died from COVID-19, in a single teaching hospital. All 18 of these patients had nasopharyngeal swab samples that were positive for SARS-CoV-2 on RT-PCR. Eleven COVID 19 patients required mechanical ventilation, meaning a breathing tube. Interestingly, it was noted that all of the ventilated patients had a confusional state or decreased arousal from sedation for ventilation. The way that I interpret this is that when they paused the sedation, meaning they temporarily stopped the sedation to assess their mental status, the patient was able to follow commands during that time. This, in general, is not uncommon, but this does seem to occur more often with COVID 19 patients, and this is something that I’ve been finding with my COVID 19 patients in the ICU. On average, these COVID-19 patients died about 10 days after being admitted to the hospital. When they did the autopsies, they looked at the brain as a whole, and they also sampled 10 different areas of the brain, and then looked at those samples underneath the microscope. Microscopic examination showed acute hypoxic injury in some regions of the brain. Acute hypoxic injury means tissue was damaged as a result of not getting enough oxygen. There was an acute hypoxic injury in the cerebrum, which is the part of the brain that allows us to think, and be conscious. There was also an acute hypoxic injury in the cerebellum in all the patients. There were no blood clots in the brain, or vasculitis, meaning inflammation of blood vessels. So another thing we want to know, is, is the virus actually invading the cells of the brain? In this study, they actually tested the brain tissue for the virus with RT-PCR. Dr. Mike Hansen, MD Internal Medicine | Pulmonary Disease | Critical Care Medicine Website: https://doctormikehansen.com/ Instagram Account: http://instagram.com/doctor.hansen/

Outbreak Onboard: How fear and disease spread on the Ruby Princess | Four Corners

The Ruby Princess cruise ship is the single largest source of COVID-19 infections in Australia. Owned by the world’s largest cruise company, Carnival Corporation, the Ruby Princess was one of a fleet of cruise ships operating as the pandemic gathered speed. The company was well aware of the risks. Only five weeks earlier its sister ship, the Diamond Princess, created world headlines when its passengers were trapped on board as the virus spread. On March 19, thousands of its passengers disembarked from the Ruby Princess in Sydney before dispersing around the country and overseas. Far from protecting people, the release of its passengers triggered a public health emergency. Four Corners investigates how the Ruby Princess became an incubator for infection, leaving its passengers and staff dangerously exposed. We also examine the actions of Australian authorities who allowed the ship to dock and the passengers to disembark, taking the virus with them. Read more: https://ab.co/2Xql3Q6 _________ 

Wise Words

“. . . the “new normal” will be like nothing we have ever experienced. . . “


I have no idea who wrote the following piece, but it strikes me as worthy of wider dissemination than it has had so far. My son sent it to me the other day and said, simply, “it was written by a co-worker.” It strikes me as particularly important given the fact that we are all feeling fed-up with the coronavirus and all that it entails. We simply cannot wait until things go “back to normal” — refusing to admit to ourselves that there may be no return to normal and that the “new normal” will be like nothing we have ever experienced.

In any event, we wallow in self-pity since few of us has ever had to deny ourselves much of what we want. This is, after all, the “Age of Entitlement” not only in the schools but in the homes as well. We buy on plastic and run up…

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Today is the Twins’ Birthday!

Twin's Birthday 2011
Troy with Grandma
And this is Ryan with Grandma
And this is Ryan with Grandma

Today, 27th June, 2020, is the twins’ birthday! Happy Birthday Troy and Ryan! 🙂
HUGS from Grandma and Grandpa 🙂

These pictures were taken on the twins birthday in June of 2011.

The twins’ birthday pics were taken just a few days before I started blogging. My profile pic that I still use, was cropped from that birthday pic where you can see me with Troy.”

When the boys were kids they were often together with our daughter Caroline. So Caroline is in these pictures here too. The boys loved to call her “aunty Caroline” just for fun. But she really is their aunty. Unbelievable! Sometimes people thought the three of them were triplets. However we had to explain then, that Caroline is more than six months older!

T one

T three

T four

T five

So the above pictures are of Troy, Ryan and Caroline when they were kids!

Here is a link to my blog from 2013:



Diary of June 2020 with pictures


Fried Herring Fillets in spicy Marinade. A real treat! With a few boiled potatoes it is a delicious meal! And I believe it is quite healthy too. We are always happy, when these herring fillets are available at ALDI’s. We did have a meal like this just recently.

So, what other pictures from this month can I add? I just had a look at some of the pictures that I took not so long ago. A lot of them did not turn out very well. But I try to find a few that are not too bad.


This one is really from last month from Peter’s birthday. I probably had not published it yet. Despite Coronavirus restrictions we had two family groups over for a visit. Peter and I tried to keep ourselves separate!




For lunch on Peter’s birthday we had Caroline and Matthew over. Well, all these are pictures are still from last month. Now I have to try to find some pictures from this month!

We were happy that this month we had our son Martin staying with us for a few days. He did a lot of terrific garden work for us. Luckily, he seems to love working in the garden!

I think we had this for breakfast with Martin


Martin planted some groundcover plants at the front of the house and he created a bit of a pathway to the electricity box. He also did quite a bit of work at the back of the house, but I regret to say, I have no good photos of it yet. I’ll look into it next month. The seeds of some of the vegies, that he did sow out, are already sprouting a little bit! So I should take some pictures of them soon.

During June we had also some repair work done to our house. A very nice young man was recommended to us. He did quite a bit of work for us around the house, and all this at a reasonable price! He also did a very good job outside where we needed a retaining wall to the neighbouring property. Then he introduced us to some people that can do some landscaping work for us. This is a work in progress!

Some time this month we drove to Kiama Harbour for a beautiful fish meal. We had to eat it standing up eating outside for there were still severe restrictions as far as people sitting in the same room too close together. But the perch tasted as good as ever. I had already my walker. I am very fond of this walking aid. I think it was a good buy. Helps to get me along a real lot!

Senior Australian of the Year 2012 Laurie Baymarrwangga

In the nine decades since her birth on the island of Murrungga, Laurie Baymarrwangga has seen the arrival of missionaries, exploitation by Japanese and European fishermen, war and tumultuous change. Undaunted, she has almost single-handedly nurtured the inter-generational transmission of local ecological knowledge through a lifelong commitment to caring for kin, culture and country. Recently, Dr Bentley James travelled to the Crocodile Islands and asked some timely questions of our Senior Australian of the Year 2012.

Laurie Baymarrwangga – Senior Australian of the Year 2012

In the nine decades since her birth on the island of Murrungga, Laurie Baymarrwangga has seen the arrival of missionaries, exploitation by Japanese and European fishermen, war and tumultuous change. Undaunted, she has almost single-handedly nurtured the inter-generational transmission of local ecological knowledge through a lifelong commitment to caring for kin, culture and country. In the 1960s Laurie established a housing project on her homelands that has benefitted generations of kin. Speaking no English, with no access to funding, resources or expertise she initiated the Yan-nhangu dictionary project. Her cultural maintenance projects include the Crocodile Islands Rangers, a junior rangers group and an online Yan-nhangu dictionary for school children. In 2010, after a struggle stretching back to 1945, Laurie finally received back payments for rents owed to her as the land and sea owner of her father’s estate. She donated it all, around $400,000, to improve education and employment opportunities on the island and to establish a 1,000 square kilometre turtle sanctuary on her marine estate. In the face of many obstacles, this great, great grandmother has shown extraordinary leadership and courage in caring for the cultural and biological integrity of her beloved Crocodile Islands.

Newcastle, NSW, Australia

This is a blog I published about our stay in Newcastle one year ago when granddaughter Lauren turned 21. 🙂


Our stay in Newcastle from Friday 28th June to Sunday 30th June, 2019

Before I forget to mention it, very early on Sunday morning we had some great coffee and breakfast and a lovely walk at Newcastle Beach! That was just a perfect conclusion to our stay in Newcastle for the 21st birthday celebrations for Martin’s daughter Lauren.


Newcastle is actually blessed with quite a number of beaches:


Here now is where our trip started:

We left our home in Dapto with our son Martin early on Friday morning, A taxi took us to Dapto train station. So, we went by train to Sydney Central Station where we had to change to another train going to Newcastle.  I liked the train journey very much! On the train I even started reading a novel by LIANE MORIARTY. It goes by the title “Nine perfect Strangers”:


I had bought…

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